Syllabus_347F99.html
Syllabus 32347 Fall 1999
Course Overview: Physical chemists and physicists make
extensive use of mathematical models to describe natural phenomena. There is an
underlying assumption that the universe has an organization that can be
expressed as a function of certain parameters. This semester we will concentrate
on developing the models that describe the bulk thermodynamic and equilibrium
properties of matter. We will make the connection between the microscopic
(molecular level) properties of substances and these bulk properties using
results from quantum mechanics.
You should be able to use these models to predict the
behavior of matter. This means both estimating the range in which a measurement
will fall and solving mathematical story problems, using approximations where
valid. A summary list of the models and the types of systems to which you
should be able to apply them is at the end of this syllabus.
Required Texts: Barrow, Physical Chemistry, 6th
edition.
Barrante, Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry,
2^{nd} edition.
Prerequisites: Quantitative Analysis, three semesters
of calculus (Calc III may be concurrent), two semesters of calculus based
physics (second semester may be concurrent).
Lectures: 10:2011:20 MWF (HS 457)
Office Hours: HS 446: 11:3012:30 MW, 10:0011:00 TTh,
8:309:30 F and by appointment. Phone: 4241326. Email:
gutow@uwosh.edu
Reading Assignments: A study sheet will be distributed
approximately weekly, listing the specific reading assignments.
Critical Thinking Exercises: Short assignments designed
to help you learn how to use the textbook and other reference sources to prepare
for class. For example, you might be asked to find definitions, compare two
models and explain when it is appropriate to use each or work through some
‘what if’ calculations. Some inclass group worksheets will also be
used.
In general a group of these will be handed out with the
reading and homework assignments. Each exercise is to be finished for a
specific class. Since the primary goal of these exercises is to help you learn
how to prepare for class the majority of these assignments will be given out
during the early part of the semester. A copy must be handed in at the
beginning of the class for which they are assigned to get credit. They will be
graded on a pass/fail basis and are worth 5 points each. Up to 50 points may be
received for these exercises. A minimum of twelve such assignments will be
given during the semester. You are encouraged to discuss these assignments with
your classmates as well as the instructor.
Homework: Homework will be distributed with the reading
and critical thinking assignments. Homework will consist of ungraded exercises
to be worked and one graded problem (10 pts each) provided by the professor.
Numerical answers will be provided for the exercises so that you may check your
work. Treat the graded exercise as an open book, takehome quiz, which can be
discussed with the instructor but not classmates. The lowest two scores
will be dropped when calculating your grade. The goal of the graded homework is
to provide a measure of individual student mastery of problems and skills that
are too involved to be included on an exam. Please do not collaborate on these
graded problems. You are encouraged to work together on all other homework and
exercises.
Homework is due in class on the day specified when handed
out. Late homework will be marked down 10%/day. No homework will be accepted
after the detailed answer key has been put on reserve in HS 259 and on the class
web site, two days after the homework was due.
Exams: There will be three exams worth 100 points
(plus 10 pts extra credit). The exams will be written to be completed in one
hour, but you will be given unlimited time. The first two exams will be
administered in the testing center and the last exam will administered in a
classroom at a time to be arranged. The material requires that exams be
cumulative, but primary emphasis will be on the chapters covered since the
previous exam. The goal of this course is not to memorize formulas, but to
learn how to use models to make predictions. You will be provided with an
equation sheet for each exam consisting of the fundamental equations of each
model. Additionally, you will be allowed to bring a 3” x 5” card of
handwritten notes to the exam.
Grading: Critical Thinking Exercises: 10 x 5 pts
= 50 pts
Graded Homework: 10 x 10 pts = 100 pts
Exams: 3 x 100 pts = 300 pts
Total: 450 pts
The total points necessary to receive a particular grade are
listed below. The instructor reserves the right to change the point total
downward.
A: 405 AB: 383 B: 360 BC: 333 C:
311 CD: 284 D: 248 F: <248
Assessment of Learning: As part of the department's
assessment of its majors program, evidence will be added to your portfolios to
demonstrate your ability to:
1) describe the structure and composition of matter;
2) apply theoretical and mechanistic principles to the study
of chemical systems employing both qualitative and quantitative
approaches;
3) use theories of microscopic properties to explain
macroscopic behavior;
4) explain the role of energy in determining the structure and
reactivity of molecules;
5) use mathematical representations of physical
phenomena.
Class Schedule:
Chapter

Lectures

Homework Due*

1: Properties of Gases

9/8, 9/10, 9/13

9/15

2: Micro Model of Gases

9/15, 9/17, 9/20, 9/22, 9/24

2a: 9/22

3: Energy

9/27, 9/29, 10/1, 10/4, 10/6

2b/3a:9/29, 3b:10/8

4: Entropy

10/8, 10/13, 10/15, 10/18, 10/20

4a:10/15, 4b:10/25

Exam 1 (13)

Monday, October 11, 1999


No Class

Friday, October 22, 1999


5: Free Energy

10/25, 10/27, 10/29, 11/1, 11/3

5a: 10/29, 5b:11/5

6: Solutions

11/5, 11/8, 11/10

11/12

7: Phase Equilibria

11/12, 11/17, 11/19, 11/22

7a:11/19, 7b:12/1

Exam 2 (46)

Monday, November 15, 1999


8: Electrolytes

11/29, 12/1, 12/3, 12/6

12/8

17: Macromolecules

12/8, 12/10, 12/13

not due

Review

12/15


Exam 3 (7, 8, 17 )

Friday, December 17, 1999

*The homework will generally be handed out during the first
lecture on each chapter.
Additional Resources:
WEB RESOURCES: This syllabus, copies of homework
assignments and answer keys will be available at the course web site. The
course web site may be accessed by starting at the instructor's home page:
https://cms.gutow.uwosh.edu/gutow/. Problem sets and answer keys will be
password protected. The username for login into the protected web site is:
pchem I. The password will be supplied the first day of class.
TEXTS: The following books are on reserve in the Halsey
Resource Center (HS259). You may find it useful to see difficult concepts
described a number of ways. Homework assignments will suggest sections of these
texts to look at for additional help.
Barrante, Applied Mathematics for Physical Chemistry
QD455.3.M3 B37. A good review of chemical applications of graphing and
calculus
Warren, The Physical Basis of Chemistry, QD475.P47.
This book has nice simplified, but accurate, descriptions of many of the
quantum, spectroscopic and thermodynamic concepts we will discuss.
Nash, Elements of Statistical Thermodynamics,
QC311.5.N3. This is a little pamphlet that very lucidly develops the underlying
concepts of Statistical Thermodynamics.
Models

Be able to apply to

Gas Laws
Ideal
van der Waals
Virial Expansion

Pure Gases
Gas Mixtures
To simplify thermodynamic models

Kinetic Molecular Theory

Gases (molecular speeds and energies)

Quantum Mechanics

Particleonaline
Particleinabox
Particleonaring
Allowed energies (Translation,Rotation,Vibration,
Electronic)
Boltzmann Distribution (most random distribution)

Classical Thermodynamics
fugacity/activity
Maxwell Relations
Colligative Properties
Phase rule

Reaction enthalpies, entropies and free energies
(ΔH,ΔS, ΔG)
Constant pressure (isobaric) phenomena
Constant temperature (isothermal) phenomena
Heat engines (adiabatic versus isothermal processes)
Equilibria
Phase (surface phenomena)
Electrochemical
Chemical
Physical changes (phase)
Mixtures
Fp, Bp, vapor pressure and Osmotic pressure changes
Donan membrane equilibria

Statistical Thermodynamics

Heat capacities (C_{p} versus C_{v})
Entropy of matter
Equilibria
Chemical reactions
Physical changes
Classical thermodynamics

Transport

Diffusion
Viscosity
Sedimentation
Electrochemistry
Electrophoresis

Kinetics

Adsorption isotherms
